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Jurisdiction over a claim that is part of the same case or controversy as another claim where the court has original jurisdiction. Under a 1990 federal statute (28 U.S.C. Section 1367), the terms 'pendant' and 'ancillary jurisdiction' are now referred to as 'supplemental jurisdiction'. If federal courts have original jurisdiction over a claim, they have supplemental jurisdiction over all other related claims subject to the supplemental jurisdiction statute's limitations. When federal subject matter jurisdiction is based solely on diversity, supplemental jurisdiction is limited; there is no supplemental jurisdiction over claims by plaintiffs against persons made parties under Rules 14, 19 or 24. Jurisdiction may be declined if the added claims raise novel or complex issues of law or substantially predominate over the original claim, which created jurisdiction. Jurisdiction may also be declined if the original claims creating jurisdiction were dismissed and in other exceptional circumstances which provide compelling reasons for declining jurisdiction.

28 U.S.C. § 1367 provides that in any action in which a federal court already has jurisdiction over some federal claim, it also has supplemental jurisdiction over state claims 'that are so related to claims in the action within such original jurisdiction that they form part ...

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