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n. (Bot.) The edible drupaceous fruit of the Prunus domestica, and of several other species of Prunus; also, the tree itself, usually called plum tree. Two or three hundred varieties of plums derived from the Prunus domestica are described; among them the greengage, the Orleans, the purple gage, or Reine Claude Violette, and the German prune, are some of the best known. Among the true plums are; Beach plum, the Prunus maritima, and its crimson or purple globular drupes.


 - Bullace plum. See Bullace. - Chickasaw plum, the American Prunus Chicasa, and its round red drupes.


 - Orleans plum, a dark reddish purple plum of medium size, much grown in England for sale in the markets.


 - Wild plum of America, Prunus Americana, with red or yellow fruit, the original of the Iowa plum and several other varieties. Among plants called plum, but of other genera than Prunus, are; Australian plum, Cargillia arborea and C. australis, of the same family with the persimmon.


 - Blood plum, the West African Hæmatostaphes Barteri.


 - Cocoa plum, the Spanish nectarine. See under Nectarine.


 - Date plum. See under Date.

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