n. The act of advocating, defending, or supporting, a cause by arguments. A document where a party to a legal proceeding sets forth responses to allegations, claims, denials, or brings forth defenses. Pleadings give notice of the general character of the problems to be resolved in court. Under common law, the court could only grant relief based on the forms of action. Pleadings had to be drawn in terms of one of the recognized forms or the court could not grant relief to the plaintiff. Amendments to change the pleadings were not allowed. If the plaintiff plead improperly, he could not recover. The common law form of pleading in courts of equity: The plaintiff had to recite facts showing that he had a cause of action that should be remedied and that he had no right to recover under any of the forms of action at law.