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The felony-murder rule eliminates the need for proof of malice in connection with a charge of murder, thereby rendering irrelevant the presence or absence of actual malice, both with regard to first degree felony murder and second degree felony murder. Implied malice, for which the second degree felony-murder doctrine acts as a substitute has both a physical and a mental component. ... The mental component is the requirement that the defendant 'knows that his conduct endangers the life of another and ... acts with a conscious disregard for life.' The second degree felony-murder rule eliminates the need for the prosecution to establish the mental component. (People v. Patterson, supra, 49 Cal.3d at p. 626, italics omitted.)


Because malice has been eliminated as an element, circumstances that may serve to reduce the crime from murder to manslaughter, such as provocation or imperfect self-defense, are not relevant in the case of a felony murder. (People v. Seaton (2001) 26 Cal.4th 598, 665 [110 Cal. Rptr. 2d 441, 28 P.3d 175]; In re Christian S. (1994) 7 Cal.4th 768, 773, fn. 1 [30 Cal. Rptr. 2d 33, 872 P.2d 574]; People v. Balderas (1985) 41 Cal.3d 144, 197 [222 ...

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