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Abbreviated FELA. Tort compensation for employees of railroads engaged in interstate and foreign commerce. 45 USCA §§ 51-60.


 Section 1 of FELA provides that 'every common carrier by railroad . . . shall be liable in damages to any person suffering injury while he is employed by such carrier . . . for such injury or death resulting in whole or in part from the negligence of any of the officers, agents, or employees of such carrier.' 45 U.S.C. § 51. When Congress enacted FELA in 1908, its 'attention was focused primarily upon injuries and death resulting from accidents on interstate railroads.' Urie, at 181. Cognizant of the physical dangers of railroading that resulted in the death or maiming of thousands of workers every year, Congress crafted a federal remedy that shifted part of the ''human overhead'' of doing business from employees to their employers. Tiller v. Atlantic Coast Line R. Co., 318 U.S. 54, 58, 87 L. Ed. 610, 63 S. Ct. 444 (1943). See also Wilkerson v. McCarthy, 336 U.S. 53, 68, 93 L. Ed. 497, 69 S. Ct. 413 (1949) (Douglas, J., concurring) (FELA 'was designed to put on the railroad industry ...

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