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Abbreviated FACA. The Federal Advisory Committee Act , 5 U. S. C. App. §2, was enacted to monitor the 'numerous committees, boards, commissions, councils, and similar groups [that] have been established to advise officers and agencies in the executive branch of the Federal Government,' §2(a), and to prevent the 'wasteful expenditure of public funds' that may result from their proliferation, Public Citizen v. Department of Justice, 491 U. S. 440, 453 (1989). Subject to specific exemptions, FACA imposes a variety of open-meeting and disclosure requirements on groups that meet the definition of an 'advisory committee.' An 'advisory committee' means 'any committee, board, commission, council, conference, panel, task force, or other similar group, or any subcommittee or other subgroup thereof ... , which is-- '(B) established or utilized by the President, ... except that [the definition] excludes (i) any committee that is composed wholly of full-time, or permanent part-time, officers or employees of the Federal Government ... .' 5 U. S. C. App. §3(2). 


FACA was born of a desire to assess the need for the 'numerous committees, boards, commissions, councils, and similar which have been established to advise officers and agencies in the executive branch of ...

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