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See also Rape Shield Laws. This rule is specifically addressed to evidence of a rape victim's prior sexual conduct, whereas defendant's motion was not an attempt to introduce such evidence, but an effort to obtain an expert opinion regarding the complainant's general ability to perceive reality and separate fact from fantasy. The principle portion of the Rule qualified in subsections (b)-(d), states: Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in a criminal case in which a person is accused of rape or of assault with intent to commit rape, reputation or opinion evidence of the past sexual behavior of an alleged victim of such rape or assault is not admissible. The principal purpose of that rule is to protect rape victims from the degrading and embarrassing disclosure of intimate details about their private lives. The rationale, according to one commentator, 'is to prevent the victim, rather than the defendant, from being put on trial.' 2 J. Weinstein & M. Berger, Weinstein's Evidence § 412(01), at 412-9 (1979). The rule may also be seen as part of a movement toward making rape prosecutions less special and treating the rape complainant like complainants in other crimes. See Berger, supra note 15, at ...

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