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 When a party seeks to amend a pleading after the expiration of a deadline set forth in a scheduling order, Rule 16(b)(4) is implicated. Rule 16(b)(4) states that a scheduling order may be modified to amend a pleading 'only for good cause and with the judge's consent.' 'After the deadlines provided by a scheduling order have passed, the good cause standard must be satisfied to justify leave to amend the pleadings.' Nourison Rug Corp. v. Parvizian, 535 F.3d 295, 298 (4th Cir. 2008); see also Cook v. Howard, 484 F. App'x 805, 814-15 (4th Cir. 2012) ('[U]nder Rule 16(b)(4), a party must first demonstrate 'good cause' to modify the scheduling order deadlines, before also satisfying the Rule 15(a)(2) standard for amendment.'); Humane Soc'y of the United States v. Nat'l Union Fire Ins. Co. of Pittsburgh, PA, DKC-13-1822, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 89326, 2016 WL 3668028, at *2 (D. Md. July 11, 2016) (hereinafter, 'Humane Society') ('Plaintiffs must do more than satisfy the liberal standard of Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a); they must first meet the mandates of Fed. R. Civ. P. 16(b)(4) . . . .'); Elat v. Ngoubene, 993 F. Supp. 2d 497, ...

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