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Latin. Outside the presence of the husband. Outwith the presence of the husband. The ratification of all deeds executed by spouses, is made by the wife outwith the presence of her husband, the object being to give her an opportunity of declaring (if such be the case) that she acts under the coercion of her husband, and not voluntarily. It was held at one time that the execution of such a ratification barred the wife at any time thereafter from reducing the deed on the ground of force or fear. Whether it would have such an effect now, is a matter of controversy and doubt, but the preponderance of authority would seem to indicate that it would not.

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