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 A statement is not excluded as hearsay if it is an excited utterance “relating to a startling event or condition made while the declarant was under the stress of excitement caused by the event or condition.” It requires (1) a startling event or condition occurred, (2) the declarant made the statement while under the stress of excitement of the startling event or condition, and (3) the statement related to the startling event or condition. Woods, 143 Wn.2d at 597; State v. Chapin, 118 Wn.2d 681, 686, 826 P.2d 194 (1992).


Brown stands for the proposition that when there is undisputed evidence that a declarant fabricated her hearsay statements, the second element of an excited utterance-that the statement was made under the influence of a startling event-is not satisfied. In Brown, the declarant, T.G., called 911 to report that she had been raped. 127 Wn.2d at 751. T.G. told the responding officer that “she had been abducted, forced into her neighbor Brown's apartment, and then raped by four men.” Id. At a pretrial hearing, the trial court admitted T.G.'s 911 call as an excited utterance. Id. at 752. At trial, T.G. recanted her statement ...

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