Latin. From voluntary consideration. From a lucrative source; gratuitously. An heir who receives from his ancestor a gift, during lifetime, of that to which he would succeed after his ancestor's death, does not thereby avoid the liability of representation. He possesses it under a lucrative title, and is liable for his ancestor's debts contracted prior to the gift. If the transaction between the ancestor and the heir be an onerous one, no liability for debts attaches, because there is no preceptio hereditatis, but an onerous purchase.