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Evidence. Whatever is communicated professedly by a client to his counsel, solicitor, or attorney, is considered as a confidential communication. This the latter is not permitted to divulge, for this is the privilege of the client and not of the attorney. The. rule is, in general, strictly confined to counsel, solicitors or attorneys, except, indeed, the case of an interpreter between the counsel and client, when the privilege rests upon the same grounds of necessity. As to the matter communicated, it extends to all cases where the party applies for professional assistance. But the privilege does not extend to extraneous or impertinent communications nor to information imparted to a counselor in the character of a friend, and not as counsel. The cases in which communications to counsel have been held not to be privileged may be classed under the following heads: When the communication was made before the attorney was employed as such; after the attorney's employment has ceased when the attorney was consulted because he was an attorney, yet he refused to act as such, and was therefore only applied to as a friend, where a fact merely took place in the presence of the attorney. Also when ...

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