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The Constitution of the United States stands as a bar against the conviction of any individual in an American court by means of a coerced confession. Chambers v. Florida, 309 U. S. 227; Canty v. Alabama, 309 U.S. 629; White v. Texas, 310 U. S. 530; Lomax v. Texas, 313 U.S. 544; Vernon v. Alabama, 313 U.S. 547; Lisenba v. California, 314 U. S. 219, 314 U. S. 236-238; Ward v. Texas, 316 U. S. 547, 316 U. S. 555, and see Bram v. United States, 168 U. S. 532. 


The standard for determining if a confession is coerced is an objective and not a subjective one. Therefore it is inherently coercive to question a suspect for 36 hours without a break even if the suspect did not break done or suffer from the time spent. Any confession received after this treatment must be seen as compelled, not voluntary. 


A coerced confession is inadmissible in a criminal trial, but it does not bar prosecution. Adams v. Maryland, 347 U.S. at 347 U. S. 181; Bram v. United States, 168 U. S. 532, 168 U. S. 542 (1897). As MR. JUSTICE WHITE, concurring ...

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