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(Patent) (used when defining the scope of a claim) A transitional phrase that is synonymous with (means the same thing as) 'including,' 'containing' or 'characterized by;' is inclusive or open-ended and does not exclude additional, unrecited elements or method steps. Comprising is a term of art used in claim language which means that the named elements are essential in describing the invention.-- see MPEP 2111.03 for more.

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