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n. pl. Complicities. The state of being an accomplice; participation in guilt.


Colorado law is instructive. Complicity is a theory of law by which an accomplice may be held criminally liable for a crime committed by another person if the accomplice aids, abets, or advises the principal, intending thereby to facilitate the commission of the crime. Complicity is not a theory of strict liability. It is not sufficient that the defendant intentionally engaged in acts which ultimately assisted or encouraged the principal. Rather, the complicitor must intend that his conduct have the effect of assisting or encouraging the principal in committing or planning the crime committed by the principal. As Learned Hand stated in United States v. Peoni, 100 F.2d 401 (2d Cir.1938), the traditional definitions of accomplice liability have nothing whatever to do with the probability that the forbidden result would follow upon the accessory's conduct; ... [the definitions] demand that [the complicitor] in some sort associate himself with the venture, that he participate in it as something that he wishes to bring about, that he seek by his action to make it succeed. Id. at 402.


The language of the Colorado complicity ...

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