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 The goal of the preclusion doctrine is that plaintiffs--as seekers of damages--should not be allowed to profit from their own criminal acts (cf., e.g., Riggs v Palmer, 115 NY 506, 511-512 [1889]).

 'It is a basic principle that one may not profit from his own wrong (Riggs v Palmer, 115 NY 506; Carr v Hoy, 2 NY2d 185) to tort actions seeking compensation for injuries resulting from the plaintiff's own criminal activities of a serious nature' (Barker,  63 NY2d at 25). In Riggs, the court held that 'no one shall be permitted to profit by his own fraud, or to take advantage of his own wrong, or to found any claim upon his own iniquity, or to acquire property by his own crime' (115 NY at 511, supra). 

In Reno v D'Javid (42 NY2d 1040), the court denied a claim against a doctor for negligence in performing an illegal abortion. In Barker, we precluded the plaintiff's claim against those who had facilitated his construction of a pipe bomb. More recently, in Manning, 91 NY2d at 120 the court  applied the Riggs maxim to preclude a ...

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