Latin. Civil law. Common goods. Those goods held commonly by husband and wife. When a person has the management of common property, owned by himself and others, not as partners, he is bound to account for the profits, and is entitled to be reimbursed for the expenses which he has sustained by virtue of the quasi-contract which is created by his act, called communio bonorum.
This relates to the moveable subjects belonging in common to husband and wife, and comprehends all moveable property belonging to either at the time of the marriage or subsequently acquired. The husband has the full and uncontrolled administration of the goods in communion, except where his right of administration has been expressly excluded ; and with regard to those goods which form the paraphernalia of the wife, there is an implied exclusion of his right. As to the rights of parties and their representatives in the goods in communion, see the Act 18 and 19 Viet. cap. 23.