Helpful Hints
  • (1) You can search the entire content of Dean’s by phrase or by individual words. Just type your keywords into the search box and then pull down the search icon on the right and choose the option you need: search by word or by phrase or reset the content.
  • (2) Double click on a word in the content of a definition, and if the word is listed as a keyword in Dean’s, it will look that word up.
  • (3) You can use the search function to help jump the scrolling function. Simply type the first 2-3 letters into the search box then hit enter on your keyboard and the scroll will go to those Keywords that begin with those letters and allow you to scroll from there.

Charity begins at home. And there it should stay, assuming the donor so intended. To promote the charitable impulse, courts apply the collateral source rule to gratuitous payments (including moneys to cover lost wages) by family or friends to assist tort victims through difficult times. Under the collateral source rule, plaintiffs in personal injury actions can still recover full damages even though they already have received compensation for their injuries from such 'collateral sources' as medical insurance. (Pacific Gas & Electric Co. v. Superior Court (1994) 28 Cal. App. 4th 174, 176 [33 Cal. Rptr. 2d 522].) The idea is that tortfeasors should not recover a windfall from the thrift and foresight of persons who have actually or constructively secured insurance, pension or disability benefits to provide for themselves and their families. A contrary rule, it is feared, would misallocate liability for tort-caused losses and discourage people from obtaining benefits from independent collateral sources. (Helfend v. Southern Cal. Rapid Transit Dist., supra, 2 Cal. 3d at pp. 13-14.) 

Helfend is the leading case. The court rejected defense efforts to introduce evidence that about 80 percent of an injured motorist's medical bills had been paid ...

Register or login to access full content