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The only detour around the finality principle which could conceivably make ends meet in this instance is the so-called 'collateral order' exception. See Cohen v. Beneficial Industrial Loan Corp., 337 U.S. 541, 545-47, 93 L. Ed. 1528, 69 S. Ct. 1221 (1949). Collaterality, in the Cohen sense, demands conformity to certain hard-and-fast essentials: The order must involve: (1) an issue essentially unrelated to the merits of the main dispute, capable of review without disrupting the main trial; (2) a complete resolution of the issue, not one that is 'unfinished' or 'inconclusive'; (3) a   right incapable of vindication on appeal from final judgment; and (4) an important and unsettled question of controlling law, not merely a question of the proper exercise of the trial court's discretion. United States v. Sorren, 605 F.2d 1211, 1213 (1st Cir. 1979); accord Licht & Semonoff, 796 F.2d at 570-71; Boreri, 763 F.2d at 21. Courts have styled the four requisites as comprising 'separability, finality, urgency and importance.' In re Continental Investment Corp., 637 F.2d 1, 4 (1st Cir. 1980). Not surprisingly, discovery orders rarely satisfy all four of these criteria. See Boreri, 763 F.2d at 25-26; International ...

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