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See also Claim preclusion (federal court: state administrative judgments). Collateral estoppel 'bars the relitigation of an issue, rather than a claim, that was actually litigated by the parties and decided in a prior case.' In re Central Vermont Pub. Serv. Corp., 172 Vt. 14, 20, 769 A.2d 668, 673 (2001). Collateral estoppel applies when (1) preclusion is asserted against one who was a party in the prior action; (2) the same issue was raised in the prior action; (3) the issue was resolved by a final judgment on the merits; (4) there was a full and fair opportunity to litigate the issue in the prior action; and (5) applying preclusion is fair. Id. An administrative judgment can have preclusive effect in a judicial proceeding. See Lamb v. Geovjian, 165 Vt. 375, 381, 683 A.2d 731, 735 (1996); United States v. Utah Constr. & Mining Co., 384 U.S. 394, 422, 16 L. Ed. 2d 642, 86 S. Ct. 1545, 176 Ct. Cl. 1391 (1966); Restatement (Second) of Judgments § 83 (1982). Although precedents deal directly with res judicata, they apply equally with respect to collateral estoppel. See Lamb, 165 Vt. at 381-82, 683 A.2d at 736. ...

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