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See also Point and click agreement. Four general types of online consumer contracts exist: (a) browsewrap; (b) clickwrap; (c) scrollwrap; and (d) sign-in-wrap. 


 Clickwrap agreements are increasingly common and “have routinely been upheld.” Smallwood v. NCsoft Corp., 730 F.Supp.2d 1213, 1226 (D.Haw.2010). Federal and state courts typically evaluate clickwrap agreements by applying state law contract principles. See, e.g., Specht v. Netscape Commc'ns Corp., 306 F.3d 17, 28-32 (2d Cir.2002) (applying California law); Serrano v. Cablevision Sys. Corp., 863 F.Supp.2d 157, 164 (E.D.N.Y.2012) (“ ‘[C]lick-wrap’ contracts are enforced under New York law as long as the consumer is given a sufficient opportunity to read the end-user license agreement, and assents thereto after being provided with an unambiguous method of accepting or declining the offer.”); Jallali v. Nat'l Bd. of Osteopathic Med. Examiners, Inc., 908 N.E.2d 1168, 1173 (Ind.Ct.App.2009) (upholding clickwrap agreement under general contract principles). Courts evaluate whether a clickwrap agreement's terms were clearly presented to the consumer, the consumer had an opportunity to read the agreement, and the consumer manifested an unambiguous acceptance of the terms. See, e .g., Specht, 306 F.3d at 28-32; Serrano, 863 F.Supp.2d at 164; Guadagno v. ...

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