n. A soft earth, which is plastic, or may be molded with the hands, consisting of hydrous silicate of aluminum. It is the result of the wearing down and decomposition, in part, of rocks containing aluminous minerals, as granite. Lime, magnesia, oxide of iron, and other ingredients, are often present as impurities. Earth in general, as representing the elementary particles of the human body; hence, the human body as formed from such particles.
- Bowlder clay. See under Bowlder.
- Brick clay, the common clay, containing some iron, and therefore turning red when burned.
- Clay cold, cold as clay or earth; lifeless; inanimate.
- Clay ironstone, an ore of iron consisting of the oxide or carbonate of iron mixed with clay or sand.
- Clay marl, a whitish, smooth, chalky clay.
- Clay mill, a mill for mixing and tempering clay; a pug mill.
- Clay pit, a pit where clay is dug.
- Clay slate (Min.), argillaceous schist; argillite.
- Fatty clays, clays having a greasy feel; they are chemical compounds of water, silica, and aluminia, as halloysite, ...