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Requiring there to be common questions of law or fact prior to certifying a class serves chiefly two purposes: (1) ensuring that absentee members are fairly and adequately represented; and (2) ensuring practical and efficient case management. General Tel. Co. of Southwest v. Falcon, 457 U.S. 147, 157 n.13, 72 L. Ed. 2d 740, 102 S. Ct. 2364 (1982). See Forbush v. J.C. Penney Co., Inc., 994 F.2d 1101, 1106 (5th Cir. 1993) (noting that the need for subsequent individual proceedings, even complex ones, 'does not supply a basis for concluding that [the named plaintiff] has not met the commonality requirement'). 

The class action device was designed as 'an exception to the usual rule that litigation is conducted by and on behalf of the individual named parties only.' Califano v. Yamasaki, 442 U. S. 682, 442 U. S. 700-701. Class relief is 'peculiarly appropriate' when the 'issues involved are common to the class as a whole' and when they 'turn on questions of law applicable in the same manner to each member of the class.' Id. at 442 U. S. 701. For in such cases, 'the class action device saves the resources of both ...

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