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Class certification is to be decided 'at an early practicable time' after the commencement of a suit. Fed. R. Civ. P. 23(c)(1) (amended Dec. 1, 2003). See 5 James Wm. Moore et al., Moore's Federal Practice-Civil § 23.61 (3d ed. 2003); cf. Cottone v. Blum, 571 F. Supp. 437, 440-41 (W.D.N.Y. 1983) (dismissing class action for, among other things, failure to move for class certification within 60 days of filing of complaint, as required by local rule). 


Rule 23 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure permits individuals to sue as representatives of an aggrieved class. To be certified, a putative class must first meet all four prerequisites set forth in Rule 23(a), generally referred to as numerosity, commonality, typicality, and adequacy. See Teamsters Local 445 Freight Div. Pension Fund v. Bombardier Inc., 546 F.3d 196, 201-02 (2d Cir. 2008) ('Teamsters'). In full, Rule 23(a) reads: 'Prerequisites. One or more members of a class may sue or be sued as representative parties on behalf of all members only if: (1) the class is so numerous that joinder of all members is impracticable; (2) there are questions of law or fact common to the class; (3) ...

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