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See also Collateral estoppel. State administrative findings that have been subjected to state judicial review are entitled to both claim and issue preclusive effect in federal courts. Kremer v. Chemical Construction Corp., 456 U.S. 461, 481-82 n.22, 72 L. Ed. 2d 262, 102 S. Ct. 1883 (1982). The Supreme Court has also held that 'it is sound policy to apply principles of issue preclusion to the factfinding of administrative bodies acting in a judicial capacity.' University of Tennessee v. Elliott, 478 U.S. 788, 797, 92 L. Ed. 2d 635, 106 S. Ct. 3220 (1986). See also East Food & Liquor, Inc. v. United States, 50 F.3d 1405, 1411-12 (7th Cir. 1995) (applying administrative issue preclusion to state agency findings in a food stamp case). On the other hand, the Court has drawn the line at claim preclusion for unreviewed state agency findings, concluding in Elliott that 'Congress did not intend unreviewed state administrative proceedings to have preclusive effect on Title VII claims.' 478 U.S. at 796.

A given claim may find support in theories or grounds arising from both state and federal law. When the plaintiff brings an action on the claim in a court, ...

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