Helpful Hints
  • (1) You can search the entire content of Dean’s by phrase or by individual words. Just type your keywords into the search box and then pull down the search icon on the right and choose the option you need: search by word or by phrase or reset the content.
  • (2) Double click on a word in the content of a definition, and if the word is listed as a keyword in Dean’s, it will look that word up.
  • (3) You can use the search function to help jump the scrolling function. Simply type the first 2-3 letters into the search box then hit enter on your keyboard and the scroll will go to those Keywords that begin with those letters and allow you to scroll from there.

'An aider and abettor must have criminal intent in order to be convicted of a criminal offense.' (People v. Beeman (1984) 35 Cal. 3d 547, 556 [199 Cal. Rptr. 60, 674 P.2d 1318].) The burden of proof on the prosecution is to show a defendant, as an aider and abettor, acted with knowledge of the criminal purpose of the perpetrator and with an intent or purpose either of committing, encouraging, or facilitating commission of the target offense. (Id. at p. 560.) '[A]n aider and abettor will 'share' the perpetrator's specific intent when he or she knows the full extent of the perpetrator's criminal purpose and gives aid or encouragement with the intent or purpose of facilitating the perpetrator's commission of the crime. [Citations.] 


The liability of an aider and abettor extends also to the natural and reasonable consequences of the acts he knowingly and intentionally aids and encourages. [Citation.]' (Ibid.) Consequently, '[i]t follows that a defendant whose liability is predicated on his status as an aider and abettor need not have intended to encourage or facilitate the particular offense ultimately committed by the perpetrator. His knowledge that an act which is criminal was intended, and ...

Register or login to access full content



Professors
Professionals
Students