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Prejudicial error is determined by the probability that the evidence had a substantial influence on the verdict, or otherwise substantially affected an important right of the party objecting to the evidence. The more closely balanced the evidence, or the more heavily circumstantial it is, the more likely it is that there will be a finding of prejudicial error. When constitutional standards are at issue, prejudicial error is determined by due process standards; to affirm a conviction on appeal, the court must be convinced beyond a reasonable doubt that the admission or exclusion could not have affected the jury's verdict. 

Relevant evidence should be excluded if its admission would bring into the case matters that would cause prejudice wholly disproportionate to the value and usefulness of the evidence. State v. Pollard, 719 S.W.2d 38, 39 (Mo. App. 1986), State v. Diercks, 674 S.W.2d 72, 78-79 (Mo. App. 1984). However, the standard of review is clear. Whether such offered evidence is relevant and whether its probative value outweighs its inflammatory and prejudicial danger is for the trial court to decide, and its decision will not be disturbed absent an abuse of its discretion. State v. Ray, 637 ...

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