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Abbreviated APA. In 1946, Congress enacted the Administrative Procedure Act, which was not only 'a new, basic and comprehensive regulation of procedures in many agencies,' Wong Yang Sung v. McGrath, 339 U.S. 33 (1950), but was also a legislative enactment which settled 'long-continued and hard-fought contentions, and enacts a formula upon which opposing social and political forces have come to rest.' Id., at 40. Section 4 of the Act, 5 U.S.C. § 553 (1976 ed.), dealing with rulemaking, requires in subsection (b) that 'notice of proposed rule making shall be published in the Federal Register . . .,' describes the contents of that notice, and goes on to require in subsection (c) that after the notice the agency 'shall give interested persons an opportunity to participate in the rule making through submission of written data, views, or arguments with or without opportunity for oral presentation. After consideration of the relevant matter presented, the agency shall incorporate in the rules adopted a concise general statement of their basis and purpose.' 

Interpreting this provision of the Act in United States v. Allegheny-Ludlum Steel Corp., 406 U.S. 742 (1972), and United States v. Florida East Coast R. Co., ...

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