Helpful Hints
  • (1) You can search the entire content of Dean’s by phrase or by individual words. Just type your keywords into the search box and then pull down the search icon on the right and choose the option you need: search by word or by phrase or reset the content.
  • (2) Double click on a word in the content of a definition, and if the word is listed as a keyword in Dean’s, it will look that word up.
  • (3) You can use the search function to help jump the scrolling function. Simply type the first 2-3 letters into the search box then hit enter on your keyboard and the scroll will go to those Keywords that begin with those letters and allow you to scroll from there.

 The APA defines a 'rule' as 'an agency statement of general or particular applicability and future effect designed to implement, interpret, or prescribe law or policy.' 5 U.S.C. § 551(4). 


The first part of the APA's definition of 'rule' states that a rule 'means the whole or a part of an agency statement of general or particular applicability and future effect designed to implement, interpret, or prescribe law or policy or describing the organization, procedure, or practice requirements of an agency. . . .' 5 U.S.C. § 551(4) (emphasis added). The only plausible reading of this phrase is that rules have legal consequences only for the future. It could not possibly mean that merely some of their legal consequences must be for the future, though they may also have legal consequences for the past, since that description would not enable rules to be distinguished from 'orders,' see 5 U.S.C. § 551(6), and would thus destroy the entire dichotomy upon which the most significant portions of the APA are based. (Adjudication -- the process for formulating orders, see § 551(7) -- has future as well as past legal consequences, since the principles announced in an adjudication ...

Register or login to access full content



Professors
Professionals
Students