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A court does not defer to an agency's construction of a statute interpreted by more than one agency, e.g., Association of Am. Physicians & Surgeons, Inc. v. Clinton, 302 U.S. App. D.C. 208, 997 F.2d 898, 913 (D.C. Cir. 1993). 


See Clinton, 997 F.2d at 913, which involved the Federal Advisory Committee Act, the court cited two cases involving statutes that apply to all agencies. See FLRA v. United States Dep't of Treasury, 280 U.S. App. D.C. 236, 884 F.2d 1446, 1451 (D.C. Cir. 1989) (no deference to FLRA's interpretation of the Freedom of Information Act ('FOIA') and the Privacy Act because 'the FLRA is not charged with a special duty to interpret' these statutes), cert. denied, 493 U.S. 1055 (1990); Reporters Comm. for Freedom of the Press v. United States Dep't of Justice, 259 U.S. App. D.C. 426, 816 F.2d 730, 734 (D.C. Cir. 1987) (no deference to any agency interpretation of FOIA because 'it applies to all government agencies, and thus no one executive branch entity is entrusted with its primary interpretation'), rev'd on other grounds, 489 U.S. 749, 103 L. Ed. 2d 774, 109 S. Ct. 1468 (1989). 

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