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The 'practical approach' reflects the Court's longstanding recognition that it cannot interpret the FOIA (and the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) of which it is a part) with the linguistic literalism fit for interpretations of the tax code. See generally 1 R. Pierce, Administrative Law Treatise § 7.1, p. 413 (4th ed.2002) ('Judicial interpretation of the malleable language of the APA has produced changes in the rulemaking procedure that could be characterized as revolutionary if they had been affected in a day or a year rather than gradually over a period of decades'); cf. Sunstein & Vermeule, Interpretation and Institutions, 101 Mich. L.Rev. 885, 917-918, and n. 111 (2003) (observing that Congress 'appears to rely on courts for long periods of time' to give meaning to the APA, which justifies interpreting it less formalistically than statutes like 'the Internal Revenue Code'). That in large part is because the FOIA (like the APA but unlike the tax code) must govern the affairs of a vast Executive Branch with numerous different agencies, bureaus, and departments, performing numerous tasks of many different kinds. Too narrow an interpretation, while working well in the case of one agency, may seriously interfere with congressional objectives when ...

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