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 The APA embodies a “basic presumption of judicial review,” Abbott Laboratories v. Gardner, 387 U. S. 136, 140, 87 S. Ct. 1507, 18 L. Ed. 2d 681 (1967), and instructs reviewing courts to set aside agency action that is “arbitrary, capricious, an abuse of discretion, or otherwise not in accordance with law,” 5 U. S. C. §706(2)(A). Review is not available, however, “to the extent that” a relevant statute precludes it, §701(a)(1), or the agency action is “committed to agency discretion by law,” §701(a)(2). In order to give effect to the command that courts set aside agency action that is an abuse of discretion, and to honor the presumption of judicial review, courts have read the §701(a)(2) exception for action committed to agency discretion “quite narrowly, restricting it to ‘those rare circumstances where the relevant statute is drawn so that a court would have no meaningful standard against which to judge the agency’s exercise of discretion.’” Weyerhaeuser Co. v. United States Fish & Wildlife Serv., 586 U. S. ___, ___, 139 S. Ct. 361, 202 L. Ed. 2d 269 (2018) (slip op., at 12) (quoting Lincoln v. Vigil, 508 U. S. 182, 191, 113 S. ...

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