Helpful Hints
  • (1) You can search the entire content of Dean’s by phrase or by individual words. Just type your keywords into the search box and then pull down the search icon on the right and choose the option you need: search by word or by phrase or reset the content.
  • (2) Double click on a word in the content of a definition, and if the word is listed as a keyword in Dean’s, it will look that word up.
  • (3) You can use the search function to help jump the scrolling function. Simply type the first 2-3 letters into the search box then hit enter on your keyboard and the scroll will go to those Keywords that begin with those letters and allow you to scroll from there.

There are separation of powers issues with Congress creating administrative courts to determine matters between private individuals. 

Congress, in exercising the powers confided to it, may establish 'legislative' courts (as distinguished from 'constitutional courts in which the judicial power conferred by the Constitution can be deposited') which are to form part of the government of territories or of the District of Columbia, or to serve as special tribunals [American Insurance Co. v. Canter, 1 Pet. 511, 26 U. S. 546; Keller v. Potomac Electric Power Co., 261 U. S. 428, 261 U. S. 442-444; Postum Cereal Co. v. California Fig Nut Co., 272 U. S. 693, 272 U. S. 700.] 'to examine and determine various matters, arising between the government and others, which, from their nature, do not require judicial determination and yet are susceptible of it.' But 'the mode of determining matters of this class is completely within congressional control. Congress may reserve to itself the power to decide, may delegate that power to executive officers, or may commit it to judicial tribunals.' Ex parte Bakelite Corporation, 279 U. S. 438, 279 U. S. 451. Familiar illustrations of administrative agencies created for the determination ...

Register or login to access full content