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Comparison definition. Iowa law is instructive. Iowa law recognizes a distinction between 'adjudicative' and 'legislative' facts. Greenwood Manor v. Iowa Dep't of Pub. Health, 641 N.W.2d 823, 836 (Iowa 2002). Most often, judicial decision-making is predicated solely on a finding of facts relating to the parties and their particular circumstances. Id. These facts are referred to as 'adjudicative' facts, see id., and the resolution of a dispute over these facts is done within the framework of a set of rules to determine the admissibility of evidence tending to prove such facts. See generally Iowa Rs. Evid. At times, however, judicial decision-making involves crafting rules of law based on social, economic, political, or scientific facts. See 2 John W. Strong, McCormick on Evidence § 328, at 369 (5th ed. 1999) [hereinafter McCormick on Evidence]. These facts have been denominated as 'legislative' facts and become relevant to judicial decision-making when courts are required to decide the constitutionality of a statute, among other occasions. Id. As a result, judicial decision-making in the context of constitutional issues can involve the 'process of adapting law to a volatile social-political environment.' Id. at 370. Legislative facts are relevant in deciding these constitutional issues because ...

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