Latin . Personal actions among the Romans were very numerous. They arose from some contract, or injury done; and required that a person should do, or give certain things, or suffer a certain punishment . Actions from contracts or obligations, were about buying and selling (de emptione et venditone); about letting and hiring; about commissions, partnerships, deposits, loans, pledges, dowries and stipulations, which took place almost in all bargains, and was made in this form, - ' An spondes ?' - 'Do you promise? 'Spondeo,' - 'I do promise.' ' An dabis?' - 'Will you give?' ' Dabo,' - 'I will give.' ' An pro- mittis?' - ' Do you promise ?' ' Promitto, vel repromitto,' - ' I do promise or engage.'