Latin. An action for recovering the penalties of a pillaged heritage or succession. This action, among the Romans, was nearly equivalent to the action in Scotch law against a vitious intromitter. Anyone who took away, without right or authority to do so, any part of the succession or estate, was held guilty of the crimen expilatœ hœreditatis, which was regarded as theft. This action could be brought against almost every person guilty of the crimen, but it could not be brought against the widow of the deceased whose estate was pillaged. The punishment attached to this crime was reckoned extraordinaria, and was in the discretion of the Judge who decided the case; like all thefts, however, the sentence in this action inferred infamy.