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A principle that the act of a government within the boundaries of its own territory is not subject to judicial scrutiny in a foreign municipal court. A municipal court will decline to hear a dispute based on such acts if to do so would interfere with the conduct of the forum state's foreign policy. The principle which precludes courts from inquiring into the validity of the public acts of a recognized foreign sovereign power within its own territory. The principle that no nation can judge the legality of a foreign country's sovereign acts within its own territory. The courts of one country will not sit in judgment on the acts of the government of another done within its own territory. Underbill v. Hernandez, 168 U.S. 250 (1897). This doctrine is compelled by institutional underpinnings. Banco Nacional De Cuba v Sabbatino, 376 US 398 (1964).

The act of state doctrine prevents U.S. courts from inquiring into the validity of the public acts of a recognized sovereign power committed within its own territory. See Banco Nacional de Cuba v. Sabbatino, 376 U.S. 398, 401, 84 S. Ct. 923, 11 L. Ed. 2d 804 (1964); Timberlane Lumber Co. ...

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