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See also aiding and abetting. The crime of accomplice liability requires the actor to have solicited, aided, agreed to aid, or attempted to aid the principal in planning or committing the offense. The crime thus necessitates some active participation by the accomplice. Courts have held that knowledge and mere presence at the scene of a crime could not support a conviction for accomplice liability because they did not constitute sufficient affirmative acts to satisfy the actus reus requirement of the accomplice liability statute. See State v. Goodwin, 118 N.H. 862, 866, 395 A.2d 1234, 1236 (1978); State v. Shippee, 115 N.H. 694, 695-96, 349 A.2d 587, 588 (1975). 


Liability for a crime extends not only to anyone who actually perpetrated the crime, but also to those who incite or abet its commission and to those who act to knowingly hinder the apprehension of the perpetrator. The parties under accomplice liability are: Principal in the first degree, Principal in the second degree, Accessory before the fact, Accessory after the fact. The main difference between principals in the first and second are: Principal in the first degree: Those who perpetrate the crime by their own acts, acts of ...

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