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Blackstone asserts in his discussion of what offenses admit of accessories: 'In murder and other felonies, there may be accessories: except only in those offences, which by judgment of the law are sudden and unpremeditated, as manslaughter and the like; which therefore cannot have any accessories before the fact.' Blackstone *36. Commentators. Perkins characterizes it as 'a far-fetched corollary' to the rule that an accessory cannot be tried before his principal. Perkins Criminal Law 643 (2d ed. 1969). 1 F. Wharton, Criminal Law § 680, p. 908 (12th ed. 1932) states flatly: 'A person may be legally convicted as accessory before the fact of murder in the second degree.' 1 R. Anderson, Wharton's Criminal Law and Procedure § 111, p. 241 (1957) asserts: 'There may be accessories before the fact to the crime of murder in different degrees.' This view is thus explained in Wharton: 'It has been doubted whether there can be an accessory before the fact to manslaughter, since accessoryship presupposes premeditation, and premeditation is incompatible with manslaughter. But . . . an instigator may, in hot blood, stimulate a person incensed with another to execute a deed of vengeance on such other, when the offense of ...

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