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'As a general rule, mere silence will not raise an estoppel, Savonis v. Burke, 241 Md. 316, 320, 216 A. 2d 521 (1966); Mohr v. Universal C.I.T. Corp., 216 Md. 197, 205, 140 A. 2d 49 (1958). Where, however, the circumstances are such as to require a silent party to speak, so that an injured party may take steps to protect himself against a loss which might otherwise result, the silent party will be estopped from asserting the defense he would have had but for his silence, Mohr v. Universal C.I.T. Corp., supra; Union Trust Co. v. Soble, 192 Md. 427, 64 A. 2d 744 (1949); First Nat. Bank v. Wolfe, 140 Md. 479, 117 A. 898 (1922); see Furst v. Carrico, 167 Md. 465, 468, 175 A. 442 (1934).


This principle has been approved by the commentators and text writers. See, e.g., 1 Williston on Contracts, § 91 (3rd Edition 1957); 1 Corbin on Contracts, § 75 (1963); Restatement of Contracts 2d, § 72 (1973). These authorities recognize, as one of the limited exceptions to the general rule that silence does not operate as an acceptance of an offer, this proposition: Where the offeree with ...

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