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So far as private rewards are concerned, there can be no contract unless the claimant when giving the desired information knew of the offer of the reward and acted with the intention of accepting such offer; otherwise the claimant gives the information not in the expectation of receiving a reward but rather out of a sense of public duty or other motive unconnected with the reward. 'In the nature of the case,' according to Professor Williston, 'it is impossible for an offeree actually to assent to an offer unless he knows of its existence.' 1 Williston, Contracts, (rev. ed.) § 33. After stating that courts in some jurisdictions have decided to the contrary, Williston adds, 'It is impossible, however, to find in such a case [that is, in a case holding to the contrary] the elements generally held in England and America necessary for the formation of a contract. If it is clear the offeror intended to pay for the service, it is equally certain that the person rendering the service performed it voluntarily and not in return for a promise to pay. If one person expects to buy, and the other to give, there can hardly be found ...

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