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Courts are reluctant to interfere with educational institutes who exercise their discretion in good faith. Courts have refused to compel a university to issue a degree to a student who had not fulfilled the academic requirements (see, Matter of Olsson v Board of Higher Educ., 49 N.Y.2d 408, 426 N.Y.S.2d 248, 402 N.E.2d 1150). 


This reluctance to interfere with the exercise of academic discretion is motivated by sound considerations of public policy. 'When an educational institution issues a diploma to one of its students, it is, in effect, certifying to society that the student possesses all of the knowledge and skills that are required by his [or her] chosen discipline' (id., at 413). Likewise, courts held that a college did not act arbitrarily in declining to 'round off' a student's failing grade so that she could graduate (see, Matter of McIntosh v Borough of Manhattan Community Coll., 78 A.D.2d 839, 433 N.Y.S.2d 446, affd 55 N.Y.2d 913, 449 N.Y.S.2d 26, 433 N.E.2d 1274). Academic achievement is based, in part, on the inherently subjective nature of the evaluation to be made by professional educators (see, Tedeschi v Wagner Coll., 49 N.Y.2d 652, 658, 427 ...

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