Latin. And also. In order to give jurisdiction to a court, a cause of action over which the court has jurisdiction is alleged, and also another cause of action over which, without being joined with the first, the court would have no jurisdiction. The fictitious cause of action gives the court jurisdiction. A fictitious cause of action to enable the court to take jurisdiction, that is, the adding of a count in trespass to one for debt, where the jurisdiction of the court was limited to civil injuries by force.
- The officers of the king's bench devised a method of adding what is called a clause of ac etiam to the usual complaint of trespass; the bill of Middlesex commanding the defendant to be brought in to answer the plaintiff of a plea of trespass, and also to a bill of debt: the complaint of trespass giving cognizance to the court, and that of debt authorizing the arrest. 3 William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England 288 (1768).