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The misapplication of the law by a judge through whim or caprice. An arbitrary decision which amounts to a denial of justice. One that is clearly against logic and effect of the facts presented. A standard of review for an appellate court related to lower court decisions. A decision of a judge that is grossly unsound, unreasonable, illegal, or unsupported by the evidence. 

Other crimes evidence is admissible to prove modus operandi, intent, identity, motive, absence of mistake, or if it is relevant to establish any material question other than the propensity to commit a crime. (People v. Thingvold (1991), 145 Ill. 2d 441, 452, 584 N.E.2d 89, 164 Ill. Dec. 877; People v. Contreras, 246 Ill. App. 3d 502, 615 N.E.2d 1261, 186 Ill. Dec. 204 (2d Dist., 1993).) When such evidence is offered, the trial court must weigh the relevance of the evidence against the prejudicial effect it may have upon the defendant. (Thingvold, 145 Ill. 2d at 452; Contreras, slip op. at 16-17.) The trial court's ruling as to the admissibility of such evidence will not be reversed absent a clear showing of abuse of discretion. Thingvold, 145 Ill. 2d at ...

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