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Latin. From the bond of matrimony. A divorce a vinculo sets the parties as free from each other as if they had never been married, and entitles each to marry again, even during the lifetime of the previous spouse. A separation a mensa et toro has not this effect. See A mensa.

A divorce of this kind absolutely dissolves the marriage, and makes it void from the beginning, the cause or causes of it being precedent to the marriage. On this divorce dower is gone. But it is said, the wife shall receive all again that she brought with her, because the nullity of the marriage arises through some impediment prior to the marriage; and the goods of the wife were given for her advancement in marriage, which now has ceased; but this is mentioned to be the case, where the goods are not spent; but if the husband give them away, during the coverture, without any collusion, it shall bind her. If she knows her goods which are unspent, she may, it is said, bring an action of detinue for them; and as for money, would probably obtain relief in a court of equity. 


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